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Parameterize Tests

You can simply parameterize tests on a test level, via simple for loops e.g.:

const people = ['Alice', 'Bob']
describe('my tests', () => {
for (const name of people) {
it(`testing with ${name}`, async () => {
// ...

or by extracting tests into dynamic functions, e.g.:

import { browser } from '@wdio/globals'

function testComponent(componentName, options) {
it(`should test my ${componentName}`, async () => {
await browser.url(`/${componentName}`)
await expect($('input')).toHaveValue(options.expectedValue)

describe('page components', () => {
testComponent('component-a', { expectedValue: 'some expected value' })
testComponent('component-b', { expectedValue: 'some other expected value' })

Passing Environment Variables

You can use environment variables to configure tests from the command line.

For example, consider the following test file that needs a username and a password. It is usually a good idea not to store your secrets in the source code, so we'll need a way to pass secrets from outside.

it(`example test`, async () => {
// ...
await $('#username').setValue(process.env.USERNAME)
await $('#password').setValue(process.env.PASSWORD)

You can run this test with your secret username and password set in the command line.

USERNAME=me PASSWORD=secret npx wdio run wdio.conf.js

Similarly, configuration file can also read environment variables passed through the command line.

export const config = {
// ...
baseURL: process.env.STAGING === '1'
? 'http://staging.example.test/'
: 'http://example.test/',
// ...

Now, you can run tests against a staging or a production environment:

STAGING=1 npx wdio run wdio.conf.js

.env files

To make environment variables easier to manage, consider something like .env files. WebdriverIO loads .env files automatically into your environment. Instead of defining the environment variable as part of the command call, you can define the following .env:

# .env file

Run tests as usual, your environment variables should be picked up.

npx wdio run wdio.conf.js

Create tests via a CSV file

The WebdriverIO test-runner runs in Node.js, this means you can directly read files from the file system and parse them with your preferred CSV library.

See for example this CSV file, in our example input.csv:

"value 1","value 11","foobar1"
"value 2","value 22","foobar21"
"value 3","value 33","foobar321"
"value 4","value 44","foobar4321"

Based on this we'll generate some tests by using the csv-parse library from NPM:

import fs from 'node:fs'
import path from 'node:path'
import { parse } from 'csv-parse/sync'

const records = parse(fs.readFileSync(path.join(__dirname, 'input.csv')), {
columns: true,
skip_empty_lines: true

describe('my test suite', () => {
for (const record of records) {
it(`foo: ${record.test_case}`, async () => {
console.log(record.test_case, record.some_value, record.some_other_value)

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